|Attribution: statements that provide an object with properties are attributions. See also self-ascription, predication._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Ruth G. Millikan Verschiedene Arten von zweckgerichtetem Verhalten in Dominik Perler, Markus Wild (Hg) Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005
Animal/Thinking/Belief/propositional content/Millikan: what would really be necessary would not be a translation into German, but an explicit description of the different representation systems that animals actually use.
There are numerous possibilities between the propositional thinking of the human and the absence of any thought.
Millikan I 219
Indefinite Description/Belief Attribution/Millikan: E.g.: "Ralph believes that someone is a spy": this is, of course, ambiguous.
A) directly as indicative by its own type on the belief type that "someone is a spy". That is, Ralph says this in his inner.
B) the dependent sentence "someone is a spy" can be read as a form of belief, with a gap. "___ is a spy".
N.B.: in this reading, Ralph believes of someone that he is a spy ((s) de re).
Moved function: this moves the "someone" to the outside of the sentence.
"He": its moved function is referential in this context.
Both readings are about a relation between Ralph and a belief type. In case (b), this type is not completely determined._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
R. G. Millikan
Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism Cambridge 1987
"Varieties of Purposive Behavior", in: Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals, R. W. Mitchell, N. S. Thomspon and H. L. Miles (Eds.) Albany 1997, pp. 189-1967
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005