Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Ruth G. Millikan Verschiedene Arten von zweckgerichtetem Verhalten in Dominik Perler, Markus Wild (Hg) Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005

Perler I 202
Behavior/Millikan: why can behavior not be investigated without referring to biological purpose?
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I 203
There can be an infinite number of possible descriptions (> language, infinite) that can be given for a behavior. The mouse runs towards its hole, but also to the north, towards London, or towards the broom. Here, it is clear that only the former description is relevant.
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I 204
That mice run away from cats is the key. Because it is a recurring phenomenon. That they are running towards a broom is not a recurring phenomenon.
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I 205
Not any output of an animal is relevant behavior. E.g. "Knee twitching" has no survival value. E.g. But sneezing probably has one.
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I 207
For example, if my blinking makes you smile, as a biological purpose, I will not recognize this purpose, I will not blink because I think of that purpose.

Millk I
R. G. Millikan
Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism Cambridge 1987

Tie I
D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg)
Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt 2005


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> Counter arguments in relation to Behavior



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-27