Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Universals: universals are expressions for what objects may have in common, e.g. a certain color. Examples for universals are redness, roundness, difference, value. The ontological status of universals as something independent of thought - that is, their existence - is controversial. Nevertheless it is undisputed that we form terms for generalization and successfully use them. See also general terms, general, generalization, ontology, existence, conceptual realism, realism, ideas, participation, sortals, conceptualism, nominalism.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
I 22
Universals/Chomsky/Millikan: that even applies if Chomsky is right and there are universals. These merely guarantee that there are certain properties that are not copied.
Reproduction: all that is necessary for them is that there are some variables, so that the reproduction follows their model, with regard to these variables.
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I 22/23
For each word token and for each syntactic form token, there is one of myriads of causal explanations that shows why it is a reproduction.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Millk I
R. G. Millikan
Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism Cambridge 1987


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> Counter arguments against Millikan
> Counter arguments in relation to Universals

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-18