|Language acquisition, philosophy: here we are concerned with the exploration of the conditions and processes of language learning and the possible development of theories about this area. See also language development, language, language rules, transformational grammar, depth structures, surface structures, grammar, universal grammar, syntax, semantics, learning, memory._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Language Learning/Language Acquisition/Learning/Millikan: language acquisition requires an understanding of specific vocabulary, but also a general understanding of the phonetic and syntactic structures.
Understanding/Syntax/Millikan: even if I do not understand a word, I have, so to say, substitute sentences in my inner, with which I maintain the general relation of negation. That is, I know what the negation of a sentence with an unknown word is to me.
E.g. I do not understand the word "monotreme". That is, my inner token is not an intentional icon, because it does not belong to any family and has no direct eigenfunction. But
N.B.: if it has a derived eigenfunction, there is something on which it should map.
Meaning: if there is something on which a word should normally map, it has some kind of meaning.
Language acquisition/language learning/concept/language/learning/Millikan: every term a child learns with the help of language has previously learned a person without linguistic means ((s) by direct observation, > naturalism).
Property/Concept/Learning/Millikan: the concept of a property cannot be learned without having an idea of something contrary as the contrary, even if it does not have to be given as an autonomous, definable property. ((s) Otherwise circle).
In addition, a concept of a substance must be developed that has this property.
Category: In addition, a general method must be developed to identify categories to which these substances belong. We need categories from the beginning._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
R. G. Millikan
Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism Cambridge 1987