Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Author Item Excerpt Meta data

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I 11
Definition sentence meaning/sense/Millikan: are the mapping functions (informally "rules") in accordance with which one would have to map it to the world if one wanted to perform its eigenfunction in accordance with a normal ((s) biological) explanation.
I 104
Sentence meaning/sense/sentence/Millikan: the meaning of a sentence is that it should correspond to something, not the one to which it corresponds to.
Sentence/word/meaning/Millikan: what is the difference between the way the combined elements of a sentence have sense and the way how "Theaitetos" has meaning?
Sentence: from the fact that it is intended to correspond to something, it does not follow that there is something to which it corresponds.
S: be a sentence,
R: Correspondence relation. If the sentence is true, it is only that what is true of the sentence:
Usually, (Ex)sRx. ((s) Normally there is a referent)
On the other hand:
Singular term/word/name/Millikan: from the fact that a name should normally correspond, follows however, that there is something to which it is to correspond!
Should be: depends on the fact that the family of the term has a history that includes the actual correspondence with the referent.
w: simple referring term
r: referent.
Then the following is true of w:
(Ex) (Normally wRx).
((s) There is an object that normally corresponds.)
R: is the correspondence relation, not the reference relation! It is the relation between w and r that is fulfilled by the fact that normally wRr - this is something quite different!
I 106
Reference/Millikan: the sentence meaning depends on much more fundamental types of relations than the correspondence or reference.
For example, the relation of a true sentence to what it maps in the world cannot be analyzed as a reference, just as e.g. "blood pumping" cannot be analyzed as "blood pumping". ((s)> naturalistic fallacy).

Millk I
R. G. Millikan
Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism Cambridge 1987

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-27