|Everyone, all: “everyone” and “all” are colloquial forms, which are formalized in logic as quantifiers (universal quantifier). While "all" refers to a collective in general, "everyone" refers to individuals. E.g. everyone can win the lottery, but not all can win the lottery._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Everyone/All/Belief/Belief Attribution/Millikan: E.g. "Ralph believes that every member of our secret club is a spy".
A) Ralph says in his inner language "Every member ..."
B) A form with a gap: "___ is a spy" is filled each time by another member. This is e.g. also possible even if Ralph does not know anything about our club.
Sense: is then the same as in the clearer example: "Of each member believes Ralph ..."
Again, for both readings it applies: a relation between Ralph and a belief type is depicted._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
R. G. Millikan
Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism Cambridge 1987