|Holism: Holism is the assumption that the elements or the subject domain of a theory are accessible only with simultaneous availability of all elements or objects of this domain. It is also assumed that a change to an element does not exclude changes to all other elements at least. The statement "everything is connected with everything" is however a wrong characterization of the holism, since it is logically erroneous.|
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Holism/MillikanVsHolism: Let's try to get around it. Then we will understand why, despite everything, we still know something about the world.
Realism/Millikan: I remain close to Aristotelian realism.
Properties/Kind/Millikan: properties exist only in the actual world (our real world).
Holism/Theory/Observation/Term/Dependency/MillikanVsHolism/Millikan: the view that we observe most of the things we observe only by observing indirect effects is wrong.
In any case, we only observe effects of things, namely on our sensory organs.
Difference: it is about the difference between information acquisition through knowledge of effects on other observed things and the information acquisition without such intermediary knowledge of other things.
Problem: here a mistake easily arises: this knowledge does not have to be used at all.
R. G. Millikan
Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism Cambridge 1987