|Quotes: symbols for highlighting parts in a sentence or text. Often for identification of quotations or for distancing. For philosophical problems see also mention/use, quasi-quotation.|
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Quotation Marks/Mention/Millikan: mentioning quotation marks produce a configuration that has a stabilization function (> terminology)...
...which is not adapted to the stabilization function of the inserted expression.
On the other hand:
Believes that: here the stabilization function is adapted to that of the embedded expression.
Shifted function: in both cases, however, we have a shifted function of the expression.
Articulation/Quotation marks/Quote/Introduction/Millikan: some signs between quotation marks are articulated, others not: e.g. "the letter "c"". Here the "c" is totally non-articulated, like a name or e.g. "rot" in "the German word "red"".
Articulated: if something is presented as a token of a type, it must be articulated ((s) have a structure).
Articulated: (between the quotation marks) e.g. "the syllable "red"" e.g. "the expression "the King of France"": articulated in the sense how a sentence is articulated, or a complex marking.
MillikanVsDavison: if the filling between quotation marks is without significant semantic structure, it cannot be a singular term. Then it is a description, if you want.
R. G. Millikan
Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism Cambridge 1987