Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Syllogisms: Syllogisms are traditional forms of conclusions drawn from two premises by Aristotle, whereby the premises and the conclusion have to meet certain formal conditions.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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John Stuart Mill on Syllogisms - Dictionary of Arguments

Prior I 121
Syllogism/MillVsAristotle: E.g. A dragon breathes fire, a dragon is a serpent,
Summary: some or all snakes breathe fire - which is valid according to Aristotle - RussellVsAristotle: this is simply invalid because the premises are false: a dragon does not exist - Russell: either the premises mean: "Dragon is a word that means a thing breathing fire"- or "The idea (idea) of a dragon is the idea of a thing, breathing fire" .


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Mill I
John St. Mill
A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive, London 1843
German Edition:
Von Namen, aus: A System of Logic, London 1843
In
Eigennamen, Ursula Wolf, Frankfurt/M. 1993

Mill II
J. St. Mill
Utilitarianism: 1st (First) Edition Oxford 1998

Pri I
A. Prior
Objects of thought Oxford 1971

Pri II
Arthur N. Prior
Papers on Time and Tense 2nd Edition Oxford 2003


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-07-27
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