Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Science: A. Science is a) an inventory of statements on defined subject domains obtained with certain methods, rules and instruments as well as b) a set of methods, instruments and rules for obtaining new statements on the same subject domain. B. Groups of people who are counted to a subject area, whereby these groups are being formed by the common acceptance of methods, rules, instruments and the limitation of the subject areas. See also observation, observability, methods, systems, theories, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, verification.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
Anne-Kathrin Reulecke, Fälschungen, Frankfurt 2006
Science/Theory/Medawar: thesis: the genre of a science article is bastardising per se, because it is inductive and functional-argumentative. Instead: "chronological-autobiographical narrative style".

Anne-Kathrin Reulecke, Fälschungen, Frankfurt 2006
Science/Theory/Medawar: (1963): "Is the scientific treatise a fraud?"
Thesis: the scientific treatise as a text type represents a fraud.
It was standardized in the twenties and forties and is still the most common today.
Medawar: it provides a fictitious and idealized representation of the knowledge process, because it misrepresents thought processes. It intends to bring the logical structure of research into accord with the principles of inductive epistemology.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Meda I
P. B. Medawar
The Uniqueness of the Individual

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-06-24