Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Time: A. Time is a dimension in which events are arranged. At first, no direction (before / after) is defined with this. A time direction can be obtained in the context of the Second Principle of Thermodynamics. However, a global framework must be assumed, within which there is an increase of entropy. The assumption of increasing entropy does not apply to the comparison of local events. B. In the case of the subjective time, the question of direction is less problematic. The perceived time direction is expressed by the learned use of the terms "before" and "after". See also time arrow, time travel, time reversal, symmetry, duration, space time, relativity theory, four-dimensionalism, world lines.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Geach I 305
Time/McTaggart: time is an illusion. - GeachVs: if my distinctions between past, present and future would be a false perception of an unchangeable whole, then it remains true that I have different and incompatible illusions with respect to what realities are present - (s) "I had at the time t another illusion than at time t" - McTaggartVs: temporal consciousness must not be written temporally itself - GeachVs: individual temporal impressions need not be written temporally, but their comparison - consciousness: must be dimensionless according to McTaggart - GeachVs: we can also turn our attention backwards.
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Meixner I 141
Time/McTaggart: B Theory: B Series: the sequence of the time points according to their order is relative to each other
A Series: Past Present Future.
Question: Is the B theory complete or does it have to be supplemented by an A theory?
Meixner: this belongs to the general metaphysics, not to the special metaphysics examined here.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Gea I
P.T. Geach
Logic Matters Oxford 1972

Mei I
U. Meixner
Einführung in die Ontologie Darmstadt 2004


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-19