|Causality: causality is the relation between two (separate) entities, whereby a state change of the one entity causes the state of the other entity to change. Nowadays it is assumed that an energy transfer is crucial for talking about a causal link.|
D. Hume was the first to consistently deny the observability of cause and effect. (David Hume Eine Untersuchung über den menschlichen Verstand, Hamburg, 1993, p. 95).
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
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|Geach I 41
Causality/explanation/McTaggart: his formulation "in view of" instead of "because": is not causal.
N.B./Geach: because of the missing causality something can also be mistakenly considered an X by someone even if it is not X! The (false) believe is then the cause of the attribution.
N.B.: now I do not admire someone in relation to my own believe!
Surely gods would have no false belief, but we can nevertheless make this distinction:
The gods love something in terms of being pious, and not in relation to one's own attitude to it.
But one must distinguish exactly: the attitude is already the reason (causally!)
But it does not provide the property (characteristic) in relation to which it is loved._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Logic Matters Oxford 1972