Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
I 190
Language/Evolution/Mayr: also languages evolve, but not adaptive, but stochastic! E.g. when the Anglo-Saxons colonized the British Isles, they did not have to adapt the language to the climate. The consideration of ecological factors and their effects on the phenotype characterize a Darwinian classification.
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I 309
Language/Animals/Mayr: There is no language among animals. Communication systems consist here of exchanging signals. There is no syntax and grammar.
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I 310
Language/brain: could the lack of language be a reason why the Neandertals did not make more use of their brain?
Language: evolved from about 300,000 to 200,000 years ago in small groups of hunters and collectors due to a selection advantage. Favorable location for increasing brain size.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Ma
E. Mayr
Das ist Biologie Heidelberg 1998


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-21