|Physicalism: within the philosophy of the mind, physicalism represents the thesis that mental processes are to be traced back to physical processes. See also materialism, identity theory, naturalism._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Physicalism/Descartes/Mayr: all organisms except the human are nothing but machines.
Groups: Johannes Müller, Justus von Liebig, Helmholtz, Emil Dubois Reymond
PhysicalismVs "Vitality": proof that work can be completely converted into heat.
Ironically, however, the terms "energy", "movements" of the physicalists were just as little clarified as the "vital force" of the vitalists.
"Movement"/Dubois Reymond: the understanding of nature is a reduction of the changes in the body world to movements of atoms. A constant sum of kinetic and potential energy, so nothing would remain to be explained._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Das ist Biologie Heidelberg 1998