Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Necessity, philosophy: different kinds of necessity are distinguished, differing in their strength. For example, physical, logical or metaphysical necessity. See also necessity de dicto, necessity de re.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
I 250
Coincidence/Mayr: dominates in variation.
Necessity/Mayr: dominates in selection.
Selection: there is no "selective force"!
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I 252
Selection: Bates' discovery of mimicry (1862) for edible and poisonous butterflies: first proof of natural selection.
Benefit/biology: what is the benefit of the emergence of a characteristic for survival: adaptionist program.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Ma
E. Mayr
Das ist Biologie Heidelberg 1998


> Counter arguments against Mayr

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-21