|Necessity, philosophy: different kinds of necessity are distinguished, differing in their strength. For example, physical, logical or metaphysical necessity. See also necessity de dicto, necessity de re._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Coincidence/Mayr: dominates in variation.
Necessity/Mayr: dominates in selection.
Selection: there is no "selective force"!
Selection: Bates' discovery of mimicry (1862) for edible and poisonous butterflies: first proof of natural selection.
Benefit/biology: what is the benefit of the emergence of a characteristic for survival: adaptionist program._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Das ist Biologie Heidelberg 1998