Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Features, philosophy: Features are fundamentally characteristics, however in the philosophical terminology according to Frege it has become natural to speak of (necessary) characteristics, but in objects of (contingent) properties. Objects do not have their properties necessarily, they can always be different. Concepts, on the other hand, have their characteristics necessarily. E.g. that circles are round is a necessary characteristic of the concept circle, but not a necessary property of drawn circles. It is, however, not the concept which has the characteristic itself, but the objects which fall under it.
 
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Books on Amazon
I 186
Def Merkmal/Biologie/Mayr: ein unterscheidendes Kennzeichen oder Attribut. von den Taxonomen willkürlich gewählt. Führte oft zu sehr merkwürdigen "unnatürlichen" Gruppen. Ende 18. Jahrhunderts gab es Versuche, das Linnésche System durch ein natürlicheres zu ersetzen.

Ma
E. Mayr
Das ist Biologie Heidelberg 1998


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-24