|Concept: term for an entity with certain properties. The properties of an object correspond to the features of the concept. These concept features are necessary in contrast to the properties of an individual object, which are always contingent._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Concepts/Mayr: they must be particularly "open" in science, so that further results can be included.
Concepts can be transferred unintentionally from one particular phenomenon to another. E.g. "mutation" initially used for species, later for genes.
E.g. "teleological": used for 5 different phenomena
E.g. "group": 5 different phenomena
E.g. "evolution": three very different processes
E.g. "variety"_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Das ist Biologie Heidelberg 1998