|Explanation: making a statement in relation to an event, a state, a change or an action that was described before by a deviating statement. The statement will often try to involve circumstances, history, logical premises, causes and causality. See also description, statements, theories, understanding, literal truth, best explanation, causality, cause, completeness._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Page numbers here from the German edition K. Lorenz, Das sogenannte Böse Wien, 1963
Definition "Finalism"/Explanation/Lorenz: the finalist confuses the question "what for?" With the question "Why?". Therefore he believes that the problem of the causal condition has already been solved by the demonstration of the species-preserving sense.
For example "propagation drive" is not an explanation for the process concerned.
Explanation/Lorenz: In this book we want to give explanations for instances of malfunctions. Therefore, we must not limit ourselves to the "what for". We need the insight into the normal causes to understand those of their disturbances.
A performance of an organism (e.g. food intake, reproduction, self-preservation) which can be named according to the function is never the effect of a single cause or a single impulse.
Lorenz: For example the building blocks of the skeleton are relatively independent of the whole.
For example, a hunting dog cannot be cured of his passion by feeding it until it is full._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.