|Justification, philosophy: justification is a condition for knowledge which a) is fulfilled or not fulfilled by the explanation of the origin of the information or b) by a logical examination of the argument. For a), theories such as the causal theory of knowledge or reliability theories have been developed. See also verification, examination, verification, proofs, externalism.|
Justification in a broader sense is a statement about the occurrence of an action or a choice. See also explanations, ultimate justification, reasons._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
G.W. Leibniz on Justification - Dictionary of Arguments
Holz I 68
Truths of facts/Leibniz: here, too, the proposition of the sufficient reason should apply, although truths of reason do not come into play here.
Here the "also" is important: it states something about the logical status of truths of facts as a kind of truth of reason.
Truths of facts/Leibniz: are now distinguished from truths of reason as their opposite! (Namely, as not logically justifiable). > Sufficiency/Leibniz, -> Reasons/Leibniz,> Truth/Leibniz,> Principles/Leibniz.
Holz I 69
Definition "Golden Chain" of the links/Holz: metaphor of the baroque. "Aura catena": if one is defined by its relation to another, then the totality of the elements is the reason of this one.
Chain/Leibniz: more than temporal: one is respectively more determined by its closer neighbor.
Sufficient justification/Leibniz: something can be adequately justified by its connection with its nearest neighbors, but not completely.
Complete justification/reason/determination/Leibniz: only through the whole chain. (infinite, only to be seen by God).
The individual terms would have to be given by identical sentences._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
G. W. Leibniz
Philosophical Texts (Oxford Philosophical Texts) Oxford 1998
Hans Heinz Holz
Leibniz Frankfurt 1992
Hans Heinz Holz
Descartes Frankfurt/M. 1994