Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Order, philosophy: order is the division of a subject area by distinctions or the highlighting of certain differences as opposed to other differences. The resulting order can be one-dimensional or multi-dimensional, i.e. linear or spatial. Examples are family trees, lexicons, lists, alphabets. It may be that only an order makes certain characteristics visible, e.g. contour lines. Ordering spaces may be more than three-dimensional, e.g. in the attribution of temperatures to color-determined objects. See also conceptual space, hierarchies, distinctness, indistinguishability, stratification, identification, individuation, specification.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
Holz I 76
Order/structure/world/Leibniz: the assumption of an invariable lawfulness of the material world presents us with the task of a priori establishing the being of nature as a whole before a single natural being.
The whole must be certain before the formulation of its partial course rules, so that the intelligibility of the individual is guaranteed.
Thus the axiom "Only one being is necessary" gains its importance.
I 77
For it follows from it: "The necessary being contains in itself all the conditions of things."
A finite being cannot be understood from within itself.
But the whole is absolutely necessary because there is nothing else besides it.
Holz I 95
World/Order/Leibniz/HolzVsLeibniz: precisely the specificity of the context of the world remains unclear in Leibniz, since the "unmoved mover" must be thought of as located outside.
Leibniz/Holz: they develop a unity of metaphysics and physics.
I 96
Order/World/God/Leibniz: God does nothing except order. It is not even possible to devise events that are not according to the rule!
The mechanism is sufficient to explain the emergence of all animals. Organic preformation in the seed.
Mechanism, however, must be presupposed, and this can only be determined a priori by means of metaphysical reasoning.
The world is from the beginning a system of interactions.
The principle of the particularity of each individual is at the same time the principle of the universality of the connection of all beings.
Universal Harmony/Leibniz: universal harmony is the structural title for the system of substances. Not later, but from the nature and concept of the monads.
Pre-stabilized harmony/Leibniz: pre-stabilized harmony is in contrast to a widespread misunderstanding the special case of consistency between physical and mental aspects of substantial being.
I 98
Thus between "body" and "soul", between material processes in the res extensa and representations in the res cogitans.
Holz: one could also speak of pre-stabilized harmony between extensional and intensional aspects of the logical mapping of ontological relationships.
For the world concept, the more general version of the universal harmony is decisive.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Lei II
G. W. Leibniz
Philosophical Texts (Oxford Philosophical Texts) Oxford 1998

Lei I
H. H. Holz
Leibniz Frankfurt 1992

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-06-19