|Individuation, philosophy: the picking out of an object by a determination by means of additional information which is not to be derived from a single statement which contains this object. For example, beliefs are individualized by content, not e.g. by the length of the character strings with which they are expressed. The contents of a belief are, in turn, not individuated by their repetition, but by other contents._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Holz I 27
Principium individuationis/Negation/Leibniz: the logical aspect as a negation, combined with the ontological aspect as the reason of the individual single being, leads to the world as the sum of discrete individual things whose unity is not a continuum.
Then the name "world" means only the context imagined by us!
This is a nominalistic interpretation, represented by the Renaissance philosopher Marius Nizolius (edited by Leibniz).
LeibnizVsNizolius: "Nizolius tries to convince us that the universal is nothing else but the individual summarized, and that when I say: every human being is a living being, the meaning is: all humans are .. This is true, but it does not follow:
That the general conceptions, the general, is only a totum collectivum (totum collectivum).
Leibniz: there is another kind of the differentiated whole: (totum discretum): the divided (distributivum).
If both were the same, one would say (falsely): The human race is a living being. "((s) > Distribution)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
G. W. Leibniz
Philosophical Texts (Oxford Philosophical Texts) Oxford 1998
H. H. Holz
Leibniz Frankfurt 1992