|Existence statement, existence assertion, philosophy, logic: the simple assertion of the existence of an object is problematic because it cannot be empirically refuted. In contrast, quantification is the attribution of properties, not of "naked" existence. E.g. "Socrates exists" is considered by some authors as senseless. See also bare particulars, predication, existence, quantification, existence predicate, iota operator._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Existence statement/Leibniz: The truth of contingent existence statements can only be viewed a priori by an infinite mind, and cannot be proved by any dissolution of the concepts. Into all sentences into which existence and time enter, the whole infinite chain also enters.
Here and now can be seen only in relation to everything else. Such sentences cannot be proved. (There are contingent truths).
Ultimately, this necessitates the transition to the ultimate metaphysical foundation.
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
G. W. Leibniz
Philosophical Texts (Oxford Philosophical Texts) Oxford 1998