|Particular, individual thing, philosophy: this is about the problems associated with the introduction of linguistic expressions for objects that can be specified as individuals. See also individuation, objects, thing, identification, specification, singular terms, general term, universals._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Particular/Leibniz: each particular contains the whole in such a way that it "depicts" the effects of the connection with all others in itself.
The one from which the particular is deduced must be contained in it; otherwise it would not be deducible. Deduction is only conclusive if the deduced predicates prove to be included in the subject according to the principle of identity.
Double inclusion: the particular in the whole and the whole in the particular.
Holz: dialectical relationship of unity and plurality._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
G. W. Leibniz
Philosophical Texts (Oxford Philosophical Texts) Oxford 1998