|Innate: abilities, ideas, dispositions, which are not acquired in the course of a development, but are present in an organism from the outset. - In philosophy N. Chomsky and J. Locke are relevant authors on this topic._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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|Holz I 44
Congenital "innate" ideas/LeibnizVsLocke: do not originate in sensuous perception, but originate from reflection. ((s) not from birth?).
Reflection: nothing but attention to what is in us. Reflection finds that in our mind is much innate, because we are, so to speak, self-innate.
E.g. being, unity, substance, duration, change, activity, perception, pleasure and a thousand other objects.
They are the prerequisite for the determination of objective being as such (ens qua ens). They are given to us with being, as a formal determination of being.
What remains open here is how these innate ideas are the "first truths" that stem from sense perception.
Sense-perception/Leibniz: this cannot prove the unity of perception itself (see above), because every proof presupposes the unity (substance) which is the foundation of the characteristics, already as a reason of experience from which the proof must be led.
The unity does not have to be proved, it is irrefutable and intuitive (simple) given in the perception._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
G. W. Leibniz
Philosophical Texts (Oxford Philosophical Texts) Oxford 1998
H. H. Holz
Leibniz Frankfurt 1992