Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Reference, philosophy: reference means a) the relation between an expression and one or more objects, thus the reference or b) the object (reference object) itself. Terminological confusion arises easily because the author, to whom this term ultimately goes back - G. Frege - spoke of meaning (in the sense of "pointing at something"). Reference is therefore often referred to as Fregean meaning in contrast to the Fregean sense, which describes what we call meaning today. See also meaning, sense, intension, extension.


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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
Horwich I 370/71
Reference/Leeds: is no longer defined in terms of translation, because one cannot say in theoretical terms:
  (Ey) (N refers to y)
Whereby N is a foreign-language word.
Problem: the existence of y is not secured.
Today: Causal theories.
Problem: Numbers are probably not referring - hence there is probably no reference definition for any language possible.
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I 372/373
Problem: if reference is undefined ("B" or "C"), from a foreign-language expression, then "A" veut dire A" is just as ambiguous! - Then there are several reference schemes defined by a single Tarskian reference sentence - We cannot say that a foreign language has no standard interpretation by invoking the indeterminacy of the translation.
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I 374
Standard interpretation: must not be given, even if ""Caesar" has the relation R to Caesar" is trivially true by determination.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Hor I
P. Horwich (Ed.)
Theories of Truth Aldershot 1994


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-24