|Meaning: Differs from the reference object (reference). The object does not have to exist for an expression to have a meaning. Words are not related to objects in a one-to-one correspondence. There is an important distinction between word meaning and sentence meaning. See also use theory, sentence meaning, reference, truth._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Field II 162
Leeds/linguistic perspective/LeedsVsChurch/meaning/extension/Field (Leeds 1979) : - literal meaning / Leeds : e.g. the German word "bedeutet" literally means not the same as the English " means" : it does not even have the same extension - N.B. " bedeutet" refers "dog " to " Hund" and "Hund" to "Hund" , but not to "dog".
"Means ": maps "dog" on "dog" and "Hund" on "dog" but not to "dog"
but "bedeeutet" and "means" nevertheless stand in a homology relation:
Homology/Meaning/Field: Example The following two predicates are extensional different :
a) "The temperature in Fahrenheit of x r"
b ) "The temperature in Celsius of x r".
Solution : this homology makes it sensible to translate "means dog" as "means dog" - Leeds: the literal meaning is not important! We can not even get it.
DummettVsChurch: that undermines his argument._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
"Theories of Reference and Truth", Erkenntnis, 13 (1978) pp. 111-29
Truth and Meaning, Paul Horwich, Aldershot 1994
Realism, Mathematics and Modality Oxford New York 1989
Truth and the Absence of Fact Oxford New York 2001
Science without numbers Princeton New Jersey 1980
"Realism and Relativism", The Journal of Philosophy, 76 (1982), pp. 553-67
Theories of Truth, Paul Horwich, Aldershot 1994