Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Comparisons, philosophy: here, we are concerned with the conditions under which it is possible to make comparisons. Objects which do not share any properties are not comparable. A comparison always refers to a singled out property among several properties embodied by more than one object. The prerequisite for comparisons is a consistency of language usage. See also analogies, description levels, steps, identification, identity, change, meaning change, ceteris paribus, experiments, observation.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Feyerabend I 265
Theory comparison/methodology/Lakatos/Feyerabend: "the relativity theory from 1919 is superior to the Newtonian celestial mechanics".
For Lakatos, such valuations (which he calls "general scientific wisdom") form a useful basis for methodological discussions because they are recognized by the vast majority of scholars. "Although there are very few consensus on a general criterion for the scientific character of theories, there is widespread agreement on particular and fixable achievements."


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Laka I
I. Lakatos
The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes: Volume 1: Philosophical Papers (Philosophical Papers (Cambridge)) Cambridge 1980

Fe I
P. Feyerabend
Wider den Methodenzwang Frankfurt 1997

Fe II
P. Feyerabend
Erkenntnis für freie Menschen Frankfurt 1979


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-18