|Theories: theories are statement systems for the explanation of observations, e.g. of behavior or physical, chemical or biological processes. When setting up theories, a subject domain, a vocabulary of the terms to be used and admissible methods of observation are defined. In addition to explanations, the goal of the theory formation is the predictability and comparability of observations. See also systems, models, experiments, observation, observation language, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, predictions, analogies, comparisons, evidence, verification, reduction, definitions, definability._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Theory/Kauffman: their purpose is to provide a shorter description of the phenomena. > Algorithm.
Algorithm/Kauffman: Cells such as economic systems are non-equilibrium systems, it is conceivable that they behave in a way that represents their own shortest description. (>Theory).
From the theory of calculability it follows that non-equilibrium systems can be regarded as computers that execute algorithms.
For more extensive classes of such algorithms, there is no compact, legitimate description of their behavior._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
At Home in the Universe: The Search for the Laws of Self-Organization and Complexity New York 1995
At Home in the Universe, New York 1995
Der Öltropfen im Wasser. Chaos, Komplexität, Selbstorganisation in Natur und Gesellschaft München 1998