Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Semantics: Semantics is the field of linguistics, which deals with the meaning of expressions, words, parts of words, sentences or signs. Aids for ascertaining the meaning are investigations of the use and the determination of the truth value (true or false) of the statements, which can be determined from the linguistic or action-like utterances. Therefore, semantic questions are ultimately truth questions. See also truth, reference, meaning, sense, semiology, signs, symbols, syntax, pragmatics, linguistics.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
Cresswell I 163
Semantics/Hans Kamp/Irene Heim/Cresswell: (Kamp 1983, Heim 1983, independent of each other):
1. Thesis:
Facts about descriptions, in particular their anaphoric use, require a representation level between surface form and logical form (surface/deep structure).
2. Thesis:
Sentence meaning/Kamp/Heim: the sentence meaning is no longer given by the truth conditions!
Description/CresswellVsHintikka/CresswellVsKamp/CresswellVsHeim: although there is a new view in terms of descriptions (among others, by Lewis 1975), we do not need a new kind of semantic theory.
Λ-categorial language/Cresswell: in it we can formulate the semantic insights of Kamp/Heim.
S: syntactic category: the syntactic category is either simple or complex.
Simple:
Syntactic category 0: sentence
Syntactic category 1: name
Complex syntactic category: form .

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Kamp I
Kamp
From Discourse to Logic: Introduction to Modeltheoretic Semantics of Natural Language, Formal Logic and Discourse Representation Theory (Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy)

Cr I
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988

Cr II
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-06-25