Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Description: A. Characterization of singular objects or events instead of giving a name. As opposed to names descriptions are not rigid, i.e. they may refer to different objects in different worlds. - B. Linguistic form for attributing predicates according to the perceptions of objects. See also rigidity, theory of descriptions.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
Cresswell I 167
Indeterminate description/Kamp/Heim: indeterminate descriptions are not quantifiers, because real quantifiers cannot work beyond sentences, while pronouns can be connected anaphorically with undefined descriptions from earlier sentences.
Example:
(5) Everyone found a cat and kept it.
(6) It ran away.
Only that in (5) can be anaphorically related to the cat.
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Cresswell I 175
Indeterminate description/Russell: conforms with existence quantification: E.g. a man: "at least a man." - New Theory/Cresswell: the indefinite article introduces new objects, the specific refers to introduced ones.
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I 176
File change semantics/Home: thesis: as entities in the world the objects are not new, but only within the speech, therefore file change ("new in the documents") - File/Kamp/Home: represents facts about objects for the speaker.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Kamp I
Kamp
From Discourse to Logic: Introduction to Modeltheoretic Semantics of Natural Language, Formal Logic and Discourse Representation Theory (Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy)

Cr I
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988

Cr II
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-23