Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Diaz-Bone I 72/73
Theory/Practice/James: E.g History of a squirrel: a squirrel hides from a hiker, by always moving on the far side of a tree. "Metaphysical question": Does the hiker walk around the squirrel when he or she walks around the tree? The solution depends on how to define its terms.
Pragmatism: pragmatism serves primarily to clarify such stories, which would otherwise be endlessly pushed back and forth. The method is to choose the answer with regard to their respective practical consequences.
For example, is a chemical substance a compound with a labile hydrogen atom that oscillates between two positions, or is it a mixture of isomers? Solution: the answer depends on the practical effects within an experiment. The debate becomes meaningless.
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I 74
Theory/James: a theory is also a form of practice, a meaning being separated from any action, perpetuity, belief is not conceivable.
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William James (1907) Der Wahrheitsbegriff des Pragmatismus“ (Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, 4 S 141 55 und 396 406) in Paul Horwich (Ed.) Theories of Truth Dartmouth, Aldershot 1994

Horwich I 24
Theory/James: alternative theories can sometimes be just as compatible with all existing truths. (JamesVsCoherence Theory).

James I
R. Diaz-Bone/K. Schubert
William James zur Einführung Hamburg 1996

Hor I
P. Horwich (Ed.)
Theories of Truth Aldershot 1994


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-28