Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Terminologies: here, special features of the language use of the individual authors are explained.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Diaz-Bone I 52f
Metaphysics/James: James uses the term "metaphysics" among other things disparagingly for contemporary philosophers, who base their statements on non-experienceable principles.
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Diaz-Bone I 52f
Monism/James: monism is a designation for neo-Hegelian: the existence of an omniscient mind is viewed as a prerequisite for knowledge and experience (JamesVs).
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Diaz-Bone I 112
"Living hypotheses": living hypotheses are those that arouse the inclination to act according to them.
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William James (1907) Der Wahrheitsbegriff des Pragmatismus“ (Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, 4 S 141 55 und 396 406) in Paul Horwich (Ed.) Theories of Truth Dartmouth, Aldershot 1994

Horwich I 29
Sentimentalism/"Sentimentalist fallacy"/James: James is shedding a lot of tears about abstract justice, generosity, beauty, etc., but never recognizes them when he meets them in the street, because circumstances make them always appear vulgar.
Rationalistic fallacy/James: (corresponds to the sentimentalistic fallacy): the rationalistic fallacy is abstracted to the unrecognizable.
Solution/Pragmatism/James: it's only about how things are paying off. So it is also e.g. in the case of health.
Correspondingly for truth:
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Horw I 30
Truth "with a big T": (in the singular) E.g. that 2 + 2 = 4. is always acknowledged.
Concrete truths/James: concrete truths are not always relevant. But they must be recognized only if their recognition is an aid.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

James I
R. Diaz-Bone/K. Schubert
William James zur Einführung Hamburg 1996

Hor I
P. Horwich (Ed.)
Theories of Truth Aldershot 1994


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-18