|Learning: learning is acquiring the ability to establish relationships between signs, symptoms or symbols and objects. This also includes e.g. recognition and recollection of patterns, similarities, sensory perceptions, self-perception, etc. In the ideal case, the ability to apply generalizations to future cases is acquired while learning. See also knowledge, knowledge-how, competence._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Black I 157
Phenomenon/phenomenal properties/knowledge-how/Lewis/Schwarz: in addition to the fact that there can be independent phenomenal facts next to the physical facts, and besides the zombie intuition this speaks in favour of being able to learn such facts! E.g. Jackson: Mary learns phenomenal facts about colours.
Black I 158
Colour explorer Mary/Jackson/Knowledge-how/Lewis/Black: E.g. when she is released, she learns something new: "How it is" to have a red experience.
LewisVs: for him, the gain in knowledge is a problem only if it can really rule out open possibilities with regard to the world. According to Lewis, such possibilities must not exist: the physical facts leave no alternatives open in reference to the world.
No problem is Mary's new information about her own situation in the world. (Lewis pro: 1988e, 268ff, 287)
Black: only now she can ask if other people also have this (kind of) experience.
Fact/Mary: It is also unproblematic that she now now internally represents facts that were previously known to her when she acquires new "terms" that were not previously available to her. (Lewis pro: she acquires new forms of representation (1983d, 131f)
Mary/Lewis: but this is not an interesting advance in knowledge!
Mary/McMullen, (1985,) Perry (2001): this is essentially indexical and/or demonstrative information._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
F. C. Jackson
From Metaphysics to Ethics: A Defence of Conceptual Analysis Oxford 2000
Bedeutung und Intention
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, G. Meggle (Hg), Frankfurt/M 1979
Sprache München 1973
The Prevalence of Humbug Ithaca/London 1983