|Presuppositions: are silent assumptions, which are contained in utterances. These assumptions are suggested by the context or conventions. E.g. "All my children sleep" presupposes that I have children. (See A. von Stechow, "Schritte zur Satzsemantik", ww.sfs.uni-tuebingen.de/~astechow/Aufsaetze/Schritte.pdf (26.06.2006) p. 80)._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Meggle I 300
Presupposition/Strawson: Definition "S presupposes S'": The truth of S' is a necessary condition of the truth or falsity of the assertion that S.
E.g. "All my children sleep tight" presupposes "I have children".
HungerlandVsStrawson: the relationship that it defines is not that of context implication. I also imply that I believe to have children.
His definition does not refer to the beliefs or intentions of speakers or listeners, nor to any circumstances of communication.
HungerlandVsStrawson: the presupposition seems to contain a hidden rule. What is it? It is rather a formal logical than one of the normal language.
Strawson/Presupposition: "The S is P".
Hungerland: consists of two independent parts: 1. Function of the specific article, (relevant grammar). Strawson's model is a logical explanation model.
HungerlandVsStrawson: normal communication does not proceed in this way.
HungerlandVsStrawson: he has mixed up rules and exception (in regard to frequency).
Meggle I 318
StrawsonHungerland: Strawson also takes mistakes as exceptions from the rule (HungerlandVs).
E.g. Survey service: "Have you switched on your TV right now?" (If one has no device) The answer is "No", correct?
Hungerland: all respondents answered "Right!" Exception: a philosopher.
Rules/Hungerland: rules are only useful if they are formulated according to actions that can be considered as a standard._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Grice: > Meg I
G. Meggle (Hg)
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung Frankfurt/M 1979