|Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Bubner I 194
Language/Hobbes/Bubner: language belongs, on its part, to the arbitrary inventions of civilization, with which the human frees himself from pre-legal existence.
If language is not a gift of nature, the question arises as to its utility.
Hobbes: threefold utilitas:
1. Counting, measuring.
2. People can teach each other linguistically.
3. Give commands and understand commands. Without these, there would be no community and no peace.
The welfare of the Leviathan is identical with the continuity of the legal system. This is, because of the contract, also never controversial. Not even the sovereign can question it._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Leviathan: With selected variants from the Latin edition of 1668 Cambridge 1994
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992