Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Possibility, philosophy: something is possible if it cannot be excluded. This has to be distinguished from the concept of contingency that expresses that something could have been different.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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I 210
Possibility/situation/situation semantics/semantics of possible worlds/Hintikka: both approaches agree that situations may have several dimensions, e.g. temporal, spatial, and relations of overlap, inclusion etc. A crucial dimension is the following:
Intentionality/Intensionality/Hintikka: Intentionality and intensionality require the consideration of a background of alternatives (worlds, alternative situations).
Solution: there must be a dimension of pure possibility.
Possibility/Dimension/Hintikka: the dimension of the possibility is simply introduced by a pure space-time structure, then we have branches of time that have the same temporal (and if necessary spatial) coordinates as the set s of all situations.
Intensional/Possibility/Hintikka: when intensional concepts come in, we need a world which is just like a given world, except that everything there is possible. ((s) But it is indistinguishable from the world in which all this is given.
Semantics of possible worlds/situation semantics/Hintikka: then there is the question of how the two still differ at all.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Hin I
Jaakko and Merrill B. Hintikka
The Logic of Epistemology and the Epistemology of Logic Dordrecht 1989

W I
J. Hintikka/M. B. Hintikka
Untersuchungen zu Wittgenstein Frankfurt 1996


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-23