|Context, context dependency: sentences, words and texts depend to a varying extent on the addition of additional information to eliminate ambiguities. In particular, the use of index words such as "here", "now", but also of pronouns like "mine" leads to indeterminacy of the reference. The additional information may possibly be taken from an already existing information set, whereby the sentences to be examined, words or texts, form a subset of this more comprehensive set. Such a more comprehensive amount of information already existing elsewhere is called context. See also dependency, ambiguity, indeterminacy, discovery._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Context dependency/context/compositionality/Frege principle/Hintikka: Problem: Context dependency violates the Frege principle. ((s) The meaning of a sentence can change then, although no component changes.)
Any/every/he/a/Hintikka: bad solution: (16) analyze as
(20) John does not believe Mary likes him.
Problem: (16) says that it is compatible with John's beliefs that Mary does not love one while
(20) is compatible with the fact that John does not believe Mary likes him (John). This is then compatible with the fallacy of (17).
Any/context dependency/context/Hintikka: what we need is an explanation of how the interpretation of "any x" depends on the context.
Frege principle/compositionality/Hintikka: if we proceed from the outside to the inside, we can allow that the Frege principle is violated. (i.e. the semantic role of the constituents in the interior is context-dependent).
HintikkaVsFrege/HintikkaVsCompositionality: Thesis: Meanings (meaning entities) should not be produced step by step from simpler in tandem with syntactic rules. They should instead be used as rules of semantic analysis._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Merrill B. Hintikka
The Logic of Epistemology and the Epistemology of Logic Dordrecht 1989
J. Hintikka/M. B. Hintikka
Untersuchungen zu Wittgenstein Frankfurt 1996