Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Similarity: conformity of one or more - but not all - properties of two or more objects.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
I 189
Similarity/semantics of possible worlds/similarity metric/Hintikka: we interpret the distance as a dissimilarity of worlds.
Dimension: here, of course, there are different dimensions, i.e. Directions in which worlds can differ,
Intentionality/Hintikka: intentionality has therefore different dimensions.
Berka I 122
Definition sameness in numbers/logical form/Hilbert: the sameness in numbers of two predicates F and G can be regarded as an individual predicate-predicate Glz (F, G). It means nothing other than that the objects to which F and the objects to which G apply are unambiguously relatable to each other in a reversible manner. Therefore the logical form can be represented as follows:

(ER){(x)[F(x) > (Ey) (R(x,y) & G(y))] & (y)[G(y) >
> (Ex) (R(x,y) & F(x)] & (x)(y)(z) [(Rx,y) & R(x,z) >
> = (y,z) & (R(x,z) & R(y,z) > = (x,y)]}.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Hin I
Jaakko Hintikka
Merrill B. Hintikka
The Logic of Epistemology and the Epistemology of Logic Dordrecht 1989

J. Hintikka/M. B. Hintikka
Untersuchungen zu Wittgenstein Frankfurt 1996

Brk I
K. Berka/L. Kreiser
Logik Texte Berlin 1983

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-06-19