|Question: a sentence within a communication context that requires one or more further sentences (see also answers). The question in many languages is characterized by a slightly altered word position, as opposed to the corresponding sentence, as well as an attached or pre-set symbol (question symbol). A response is not guaranteed and does not have to be done so that a question retains its form and content. See also statements, commands, sentences, speech act theory._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Fraassen I 139
Question/C. L. Hamblin (1958). Thesis: A question is clearly identified by its responses.
Fraassen: that can be regarded as a simplifying hypothesis similar to the propositions. Then is Definition question/Hamblin/Fraassen: the amount of possible answers.
But it is not the disjunction of direct answers. Otherwise we could undoubtedly no longer distinguish following different questions
E.g. Is the cat on the mat?
a) The cat is on the mat.
b) The cat is not on the mat.
Direct response: repeats the question._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
C. L. Hamblin
Elementary Formal Logic London 1967
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980