Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Question: a sentence within a communication context that requires one or more further sentences (see also answers). The question in many languages is characterized by a slightly altered word position, as opposed to the corresponding sentence, as well as an attached or pre-set symbol (question symbol). A response is not guaranteed and does not have to be done so that a question retains its form and content. See also statements, commands, sentences, speech act theory.
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Fraassen I 139
Question/C. L. Hamblin (1958). Thesis: A question is clearly identified by its responses.
Fraassen: that can be regarded as a simplifying hypothesis similar to the propositions. Then is Definition question/Hamblin/Fraassen: the amount of possible answers.
But it is not the disjunction of direct answers. Otherwise we could undoubtedly no longer distinguish following different questions
E.g. Is the cat on the mat?
a) The cat is on the mat.
b) The cat is not on the mat.
Direct response: repeats the question.

Fr I
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-24