|Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|II R. M. Hare Philosophische Entdeckungen in Grewendorf/Meggle(Hg) Linguistik und Philosophie, Frankfurt (Athenäum) 1974/1995
Language/Representation/Hare: the analogy with the e.g. dance points to our possibility of reasoning about our language usage.
This is a corrective against the orthodox representation theory, according to which "facts", "characteristics" and other dubious entities such as unreliable diplomats oscillate between language and world. We do not need anything like that.
It's simply that people try to understand each other.
Anamnesis/Platon: Anamnesis is not just remembering, but rather "recalling":
Hare: we know that we have understood something correctly without being able to cite reasons. (Knowledge/saying). The only test is to repeat it._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Richard Mervyn Hare
The Language of Morals Oxford 1991