|Representation, philosophy: representations are adopted internal conditions, such as visual imaginations or linguistic completions, which set in as associations or are possibly developed by reconstruction. In a wider sense, sentences, words, and symbols are representations within a character system. See also truth maker, idea, sentences, propositions, intensions, correspondence, speech act theory._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|II R. M. Hare Philosophische Entdeckungen in Grewendorf/Meggle(Hg) Linguistik und Philosophie, Frankfurt (Athenäum) 1974/1995
Language/Representation/Hare: the analogy with the e.g. dance points to our possibility of reasoning about our language usage.
This is a corrective against an orthodox representation theory, according to which "facts", "characteristics" and other dubious entities such as unreliable diplomats oscillate between language and world. We do not need anything like that.
It's simply that people try to understand each other.
Anamnesis/Platon: anamnesis is not just remembering but rather "recalling":
Hare: we know that we have understood something correctly without being able to cite reasons. (Knowledge/saying). The only test is to repeat it._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Richard Mervyn Hare
The Language of Morals Oxford 1991