|Description: A. Characterization of singular objects or events instead of giving a name. As opposed to names descriptions are not rigid, i.e. they may refer to different objects in different worlds. - B. Linguistic form for attributing predicates according to the perceptions of objects. See also rigidity, theory of descriptions._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Description/Action/Hare: E.g. Dance: Assuming we are eating and trying to remember how a certain dance is danced. We decide to try to reconstruct it after eating, by dancing it. Three options:
A) Chaos, there are no matching memories
B) A false dance arises from incorrect reconstruction
C) The dance is properly reconstructed.
Plato: Innovations always lead to chaos; there is only one correct way of doing something, nameley the one that we have learned from our teachers.
Hare: the terms "dance" and "chaos" are mutually exclusive, but the result is not.
"Both a chaos and a dance"
Can be called
"Either a chaos or a dance".
The first and second possibility (chaos and false dance) are similar in that we cannot designate an aritrary succession of movements as the dance (e.g., "Eightsome Reel").
Empiricism/Hare: not all distinctions are empirical distinctions: e.g. value distinctions are no empirical distinctions.
Hare: E.g. Dance: different possibilities:
1. The dance is correct, when the dance was danced, which is called "Eightsome Reel": Circular.
2. We must already make certain limitations: e.g. Memories from childhood or a textbook.
Problem: we cannot discover the rules of the dance by dancing. (Henle as Hare).
There are two demands at once:
A) that the dance that is being danced is the "Eightsome Reel"
B) that it is danced correctly. (This must be possible, like bluffing at poker)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Richard Mervyn Hare
The Language of Morals Oxford 1991
Richard M. Hare
Philosophical discoveries", in: Mind, LXIX, 1960
Linguistik und Philosophie, G. Grewendorf/G. Meggle, Frankfurt/M. 1974/1995