|Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Base sentence/theory language/Genz: base sentences can be derived from the theory language, but not vice versa.
Theory language/Genz: is a product of human imagination that has to prove itself in base sentences.
Concept/Einstein/Genz: is logically independent of the sensory experience. They do not behave like soup and beef, but like coat check number and coat.
Freedom: there is freedom here, but not as strong as for the poet, but as for the person who solves a word puzzle. He/she can suggest any word, but in the end there is only one correct word.
Theory language/reality/Genz: to what extent do sentences and terms of the theory language play a role in reality?
Terms: if they could be defined by base sentences, and the sentences of the theoretical language could be derived from observations that can be expressed by base sentences, then the status of the theoretical language would be the same as that of the base sentences.
Solution/Genz: the theory language does not only summarize observations, but also generalizes them. (by natural laws)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gedankenexperimente Weinheim 1999
Wie die Naturgesetze Wirklichkeit schaffen. Über Physik und Realität München 2002