|Observation sentence also protocol sentence or basis sentence: Description of a sensually perceived event. Observation sentences are not irreversible and not independent of theories because of the vocabulary used in them._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Observation Sentences/Hume/Genz: by analysing observation sentences we cannot learn anything that goes beyond immediate experience. Genz ditto.
Base sentence/theory language/Genz: base sentences can be derived from the theory language, but not vice versa.
Theory language/Genz: is a product of human imagination that has to prove itself in base sentences.
Term/Einstein/Genz: is logically independent of the sensory experience.
Freedom: there is freedom here, but not as strong as for the poet, but as for the person who solves a word puzzle. He can suggest any word, but in the end there's only one correct word.
Theory language/reality/strength: to what extent do sentences and terms of the theory language play a part in reality?
Terms: if they could be defined by base sentences, and the sentences of the theory language could be derived from observations that can be expressed by base sentences, then the status of the theory language would be the same as that of the base sentences.
Solution/Genz: The theory language not only summarizes observations, but also generalizes them. (By natural laws).
Base sentences/Genz: summarize sensory data and do not require interpretation. They already form a complex system.
Theory: establishes relationships between base sentences._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gedankenexperimente Weinheim 1999
Wie die Naturgesetze Wirklichkeit schaffen. Über Physik und Realität München 2002