|Knowledge: Knowledge is a conscious relationship to sentences or propositions, which legitimately attributes to them truth or falsehood. What is known is true. Conversely, it does not apply that everything that is true is also known. See also knowledge how, propositional knowledge, realism, abilities, competence, truth, facts, situations, language, certainty, beliefs, omniscience, logical knowledge, reliability_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Gadamer I 371
Knowledge/Gadamer: Knowledge always means (...) to go to the opposite at the same time. This is its superiority over partiality through the opinion that it understands to conceive of possibilities as possibilities. Knowledge is dialectical by nature. Knowledge can only have those who have >questions, but questions encompass in themselves the opposites of yes and no, of the so and the other. Only because knowledge is dialectical in this comprehensive sense, there can be one that explicitly makes the contradiction of yes and no its object. The seemingly all too specific question whether the same science is possible from the opposite (>Dialectics/Aristoteles), therefore, contains the reason for the possibility of dialectics in general.
Gadamer I 372
How can ignorance and questioning come about in the first place? (...) [It can] only come about in the way that an idea comes to mind. There is no methodical path to the thought (...) that is the solution.
Idea: Every idea has the structure of the question. The idea of the question, however, is already the dive into the levelled breadth of the widespread opinion. (>Doxa/Plato). We also say of the question that it arises, that it poses itself - much rather than that we rise or ask it.
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Habermas III 193
Knowledge/Gadamer/HabermasVsGadamer/Habermas: Gadamer remains attached to the experience of the philologist who deals with classical texts.
For him, the knowledge embodied in the text is fundamentally superior to the interpreter's knowledge.
Habermas: This contrasts with the experience of the anthropologist, who learns that the interpreter does not always take the position of an inferior in comparison to a tradition._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981