Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Metaphor: a metaphor is the transmission of a linguistic expression into a different context than that in which it was expected. The expectation results from the frequency of previous uses in certain contexts. Through the transmission an expression, which is actually expected at this place in the speech, is replaced. The condition for replacement is a certain similarity between the characteristics of the old and the new expression required for understanding. The improbability of the appearance of the new expression is a condition for the rhetorical effect of the metaphor.
 
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Graeser I 87
Metaphor / Graeser: the explanans has to make do without metaphors - ((s) otherwise - "2nd order circularity .")

Gad I
H. G. Gadamer
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

Grae I
A. Graeser
Positionen der Gegenwartsphilosophie. München 2002


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-25