|Meaning change/semantic change: this is about the question whether the meaning of the terms of a theory change in the light of new knowledge. If they do, problems with incommensurability may arise. See also reference, incommensurability, progress, comparisons._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Hans-Georg Gadamer on Meaning Change - Dictionary of Arguments
Meaning Change/Chladenius/Gadamer: [Chladenius] states that understanding an author completely is not the same as fully understanding a speech or writing (§ 86)(1). The norm for understanding a book is by no means the opinion of the author. "[B]ecause men cannot overlook everything, their words, speeches and writings can mean something that they themselves have not been willing to speak or write of" and, consequently, "by seeking to understand their writings, one can, with reason, commemorate things that do not come to the mind of the author".(1) >Understanding/Chladenius, >Hermeneutics/Chladenius.
Gadamer: The meaning of a text surpasses its author not only occasionally, but always.
Therefore understanding is not only reproductive, but always productive behaviour. It is perhaps not right to speak of better understanding for this productive moment that lies in understanding. Because this formula is,
(...) the transposition of a principle of factual criticism from the Age of Enlightenment to the basis of the aesthetics of genius, understanding is in truth no better understanding, neither in the sense of factual better knowledge through clearer terms, nor in the sense of the fundamental superiority that the conscious has over the unconscious of production. It is enough to say that one understands differently, if one understands at all. >Distance/Gadamer.
1. J.M.Chladenius, Einleitung zur richtigen Auslegung vernünftiger Reden und Schriften, 1742._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977