|Reason, philosophy: reason (German “Vernunft”, prudence) is the ability to get insight. The concept of reason in this sense is distinguished in the German Idealism from the concept of reason in the sense of “Verstand” (subtlety), whereby the latter refers to the recognition of regularities and differences and the former refers to the justification of principles which are the basis of the regularities. See also mind, spirit, idealism._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Reason/Foucault: we supervise it in particular: neither it nor its past, nor what makes it possible, nor what it makes us, escapes its transcendental destiny.
Reason/Insanity/Hegel: For Foucault, Hegel is the witness for a new therapeutic concept: not just unreason, but a self-contradiction of the reasonable "per se". Hegel: in insanity the immediacy of the heart has the prevalence.
From the perspective of the insane non-whole (Hegel) society appears as the real madness. Foucault: wanted to write the story of this other kind of insanity._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The Order of Things: An Archaeology of Human Sciences 1994
Archäologie des Wissens Frankfurt/M. 1981