|Terminologies: here, special features of the language use of the individual authors are explained._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Way of being/Foucault: Thesis: This is not to say that reason has made progress, but that the way of being of things and order has been fundamentally changed, which offers the thing knowledge by dividing it.
Archeology/Foucault: Archeology defines systems of simultaneity, something the series of necessary and sufficient mutations to describe the threshold of a new positivity.
Signatures: signs of similarity. However, the system is not closed.
Tableau/Foucault: the meaning will be given in the complete tableau of the signs.
If the existence of the sense stands entirely on the side of the sign, the whole functioning lies on the side of the signified.
Definition Natural History/Foucault: Science of characteristics that structure the continuity of nature and its intermeshing. Therein: money theory and value theory, also general grammar.
Definition mathesis/Foucault: science of equations, that is, of assignments and judgments, the science of truth.
Definition taxinomia/Foucault: Treats identity/difference. It is the science of structure and classes. It is the knowledge of beings.
Space in table form: most clearly in the form of the theory of language, classification, and money.
Definition "Referential"/Foucault: defines the possibilities of the emergence and delimitation of what gives the sentence its meaning. It is not produced by "realities" or "facts", but by possibility laws, of existence rules for the objects.
Definition positivities/Foucault: they show the rules by which a discursive practice can form subject groups, utterances, conceptual bundles, and series of theoretical choices. The elements thus formed do not constitute a science with a structure of defined idealism. Their system is certainly less accurate, but not a mere accumulation.
They are that of which a coherent proposition has been built, more or less precise descriptions are developed, verifications are made, and theories are developed. A preform.
Threshold of positivity: the moment when a discursive practice separates itself and gains its autonomy.
Threshold of epistemologization: makes use of verification and coherence norms.
Threshold of scientificity: construction laws of propositions.
Threshold of formalization: is achieved when the formal building is unfolded.
Archeology: explores the temporal distribution of these thresholds. It is, in fact, neither regular nor homogeneous. For example, the beginning of mathematics is less questioned as a historical event than as a principle of historicity.
Unhooking: in the economy particularly numerous:
Threshold of positivity in practice and theory of mercantilism. Separation into what is not yet, and what is ultimately scientific._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Les mots et les choses: Une archéologie des sciences humaines , Paris 1966 - The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences, New York 1970
Die Ordnung der Dinge. Eine Archäologie der Humanwissenschaften Frankfurt/M. 1994
l’Archéologie du savoir, Paris 1969
Archäologie des Wissens Frankfurt/M. 1981