Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Speech Act Theory: Speech act theories are theories that place the focus of their reflections on what speakers effect with utterances rather than on the representation function of expressions and sentences. Different types of speech acts are distinguished depending on whether they are factual determinations, questions, commands, as well as aspects of these acts that go beyond a situation such as baptism or oath. See also actions, utterances, meanings, speaker meaning, representation.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
II, 115ff
Speech act/Foucault: the illocutionary act is not that, what has been processed before the moment of the statement itself. There is more than one statement to make a "speech act": E.g. oath, request, contract, promise, demonstration. This is about series.

Statement: cannot have its own character, is inappropriate for an adequate definition.

Sign: means "existence of signs" that must exist. What does it mean "there are" signs?

Language/Discourse/Foucault: is never given in itself and in its totality. If there were no statements, the language did not exist. But no statement is essential for the language to exist. It exists only as a construction system for possible statements. On the other hand, it exists only as a description of how to get real statements from a set.
Language and statement are not on the same level of existence. One cannot say that there are statements, as one says, that there is language.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Fouc I
M. Foucault
The Order of Things: An Archaeology of Human Sciences 1994

Fouc II
Michel Foucault
Archäologie des Wissens Frankfurt/M. 1981

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-06-20